In the beginning we should note that muscle injuries can occur fairly easily and especially in time, when many people come up with resolution to do some sport. Therefore please, do not harm your body in order to get into a good condition as fast as possible…
What exactly is micro-rupture of the muscle? How does it form, what are the causes, symptoms and especially how can you prevent it? You can find about it more in this article.
Injury usually happens indirectly by imbalance of the muscle groups or by a sudden and uncoordinated movement when the muscle is not adapted to the burden. In most cases it happens as a result of insufficient warm up before physical activity, it also often affects untrained individuals or if the muscles are tired or exposed to cold temperatures. Especially untreated previous injuries and various unfinished treatments or incorrectly diagnosed micro-traumas can cause increased risk of such damages.
TYPES OF MUSCLE PROBLEMS
Muscle problems can have several forms. We divide them into 4 basic types according to the severity. The first and most common type is a strained muscle. It is a condition, when the anatomical continuity of the muscle fibres are not disrupted. Strained muscle occurs usually during excessive force output, or it can be caused by a long-term excessive burdening.
Another type connected to this problem is pulled muscle. That is when muscle fibres are stretched to the limits of their ability. Muscle tension is a result of indirect mechanism. It happens during the so called eccentric contraction.
The most serious complication for this group of problems affecting muscles is a rupture, which can be partial or complete. It is caused almost always by indirect force and it is manifested by a sharp pain in the muscles. This is divided into 4 staged classification:
- Rupture of single muscle fibres
- Ruptures of several muscle fibres
- Rupture of numerous muscle fibres
- Complete rupture of the muscle and fascia (protective ligament sheath)
Another unpleasant form of this problem, disqualifying you from athletic performance, is a muscle spasm. In most cases it’s evoked by disproportional amount of loss of liquids and ions during physical activity, and usually it affects thighs and calves.
recovery of the soft tissues has three phases. Inflammation is usually the first thing occurring in the affected area. In the second stage the tissue starts to repair itself, and lastly it starts to restore its original function.
In order to prevent all the unpleasant and oftentimes painful complications, it is necessary to thoroughly stretch out in combination with dynamic warm up, and to blood supply your muscles before the physical activity. You should also take time to rest and get sufficient regeneration which you can aid by massage for example.
Author: FYZIOklinika physiotherapy Ltd., Prague, Czech Republic
Source: Clinical experience in private practice and physiotherapeutic field, FYZIOklinika