Do you actively play football/soccer, eat healthy, keep a correct regimen, exercise thoroughly and you still have health problems? During sports and football especially you will hardly avoid injuries. After all it is a contact sport. But some of the sports may not be caused by a collision with another player or incorrect landing from a jump. Many problems lie in the quality of preparation before the performance and regeneration after.
MOST COMMON PROBLEMS
Most common Injury in football logically occurs in the leg area. Especially groins, pelvis, hips, thighs, knees, calves, feet and ankles.
Football players suffer with problems in these area of the body:
- Lumbar spine - stiff muscles, spinal disc herniation, blockage, overload
- Ankle - wobbling, damaged ligaments, fractures
- Thigh - shortened, ruptured quadriceps
- Head - concussion, hematoma (swelling)
- Knee - damaged meniscus, ligaments, cartilage and joints, soft structures
Professional trainings, leadership and skills are certain preventive measures that lower the risk of injury. But if you get injured regardless it is good to know what to do.
Footballers usually get injured around 40 minute. Even though you are well warmed up, the risk of injury after such long and intensive workout is highest. Injuries are caused by improper or insufficient regeneration, health insufficiencies but also stress and personal problems, which are transferred into the movement system.
What to do in case of acute muscle injury?
Muscle difficulties have these three stages:
Spasm are usually occurring when the temperature drops down. Blowing wind with a speed of ten kilometers per hour cools down the body temperature about one degree lower. Warmed up muscle can then easily get into spasm. The spasm can be also a result of short term overload, or long term overload. It is a basic defense reaction of the muscles.
Do not cool the spasm, but instead relax it. Gently massage your muscles. The spasm usually appears in the calves and thighs, therefore place your foot in a right angle with your leg in order to stretch the muscle as much as possible. Wipe the sweat of the muscle and cover it with a towel. After few minutes it should be alright.
If you are surprised during training or match by a sharp pain which is restricting your movement, it is a partial damage of the surface muscles. Usually the muscle gets overstretched. This type of injury is usually appearing on a slippery surface or after quick step forward.
Cool the affected area, because this type of injury is always followed by a bigger or smaller effusion of blood. The blood vessels will shrink and stop bleeding thanks to the cooling effect. Then gently tie a bandage around the ruptured area and rest your leg on a slightly elevated surface. Cool the muscles for the first 24 hours. After you can use heparin or heparinoid creams and gels.
Strain, torn muscle
Sudden, unbearable pain, immediate movement restriction and big effusion of blood are symptoms followed by a strained muscle. It often appears by recreational football players.
At first it is important to cool the affected area. You can use a bottle from the fridge, or special cooling gel pads or any other utility. Subsequently tie a bandage around the muscle. Medical treatment is needed in this case, as well as rehabilitation.
In some cases the torn muscle is being sewn together, but it doesn’t always have to heal with a scar. Rehabilitation is effective but the affected area will likely never be in a 100% form as it was. The scar is considered to be inferior tissue. The muscle is naturally shorter after the injury. The elasticity returns gradually, however physiotherapy speeds up this process.
FYZIOklinika is equipped with the most up-to date appliances for supported and sped up regeneration of various injuries and can deal with any type of sport injuery. Shock wave therapy has many positive effects. More information about the effect of the shockwave therapy HERE. the therapy is combined with manual physiotherapy which will assure a complexive treatment of any injury, and we also add the option of kinesio taping. Every therapist is able to answer any of your question and further process of the rehabilitation. Professionally educated physiotherapists will also provide you with informations about basic principles on how to correctly exercise.
Author: FYZIOklinika physiotherapy Ltd., Prague, Czech Republic