Cryotherapy or extreme cold treatment method, is about application of dry coldness (from -110°C to -130°C) on the surface of the body, for about 2 - 4 minutes, which evokes physiological response in our organism to the cold in form of increased levels of endorphins and hormones of stress reaction. Nervous irritation is reduced thanks to the low temperature. Blood is redistributed from the peripheral parts of the body to the center, where it flows and it’s filtered under higher pressure, which promotes the release of toxic components. The phase in the cryo chamber is immediately followed by an intense physical aerobic exercise that is based on the opposite phenomenon. During the fourth or fifth minute of the therapy, the peripheral parts become blood supplied, and there is a turbulent metabolism exchange which secretes toxins, lactic acid and free radicals cause damage and cell aging.
EFFECTS OF CRYOTHERAPY
- Active peripheral blood supply, substantially improving the metabolism of tissues and accelerating the wash off of any harmful metabolic products.
- Significant reduction of pain sensing, representing the benefit during the treatment of disabled musculoskeletal system, rheumatic illnesses and inflammatory illnesses of the joints.
- Pain reduction increases the intensity and effectiveness of rehabilitation.
- Accelerated treatment of soft tissues and joints after injuries (luxation, bruising, sprain, ..)
- Elimination of edemas and support of muscle relaxation and regeneration.
- Positive influence on the psyche - the levels of anxiety and irritation are significantly reduced.
- Increased immune system resistance (by increasing the number of T lymphocytes which are the essence of specific-acquired cellular immunity).
- Generally - hormonal response - due to the effects of extreme cold, increases the levels of hormones such as noradrenaline and dopamine (improvement of motor functions, attention and good mood), cortisol (Increase of the overall alertness of the organism in stressful situations and mitigating the effects of inflammation in the body), testosterone by men (support of sexual life) and, last but not least, there is also release of endorphin hormone - the hormone of happiness - and serotonin (hormones stimulating psychic well-being, adjusting sleeping rhythm).
Basically anyone who doesn’t suffer from any serious acute or chronic illness can go through cryotherapy if they are familiar with the procedure. Simple rule applies, if you are not 100% sure about your health condition, you should consult it with your doctor - just as you would before going to sauna for the first time or before excessive physical performance.
WHY SUPPORTING THE EFFECT OF PHYSIOTHERAPY WITH CRYOTHERAPY?
Whether you work with physiotherapist on a solution of acute knee injury or you regularly compensate your sedentary profession - from where you often carry migraines or back pain - although the care of the physiotherapist is complex, your joint effort can be improved by this overall procedure, which for the first time may be just an adrenaline experience. If you are an active athlete you can also receive a regular regeneration or occasional doping of energy that virtually every cell of your body makes use of.
CONSEQUENTLY - WHY CONNECT CRYO-REGENERATION WITH PHYSIOTHERAPY?
Cryotherapy has a significant regenerative effect. If you are dealing with a specific problem such as overloaded Achilles tendon, painful groin, stiff shoulder or repetitively returning lower back pain, then you should search out a specific solution, which can be offered by a handy physiotherapist or correctly aimed application of shock wave therapy, which will treat the problem, that can’t be solved by cryotherapy.
Author: FYZIOklinika physiotherapy Ltd., Prague, Czech Republic
Source: Clinical experience in private practice and physiotherapeutic field, FYZIOklinika