Dislocation of the elbow joint

Elbow joint is composed of two joints. The first one is synovial joint, which is stabilized by outer and inner posterior ligaments and secures bending and extending of the elbow. second type of the joint is ball-and-socket joint which secures the rotation movement (supination and pronation).

Dislocation usually occurs by falling while the elbow joint is bent. The contact surfaces are shifted (complete dislocation) or the contact surfaces may be in partial contact. There may be complications in form of the edge of the joint surface breaking or damaged neural or vascular system in the area. Therapy is performed with reposition of the elbow joint. After that the arm is fixed in a splint or orthosis. The length and type of fixation is determined by the doctor.

During the dislocation of the elbow are raidus and ulna (forearm bones) dislocated backwards and the ligaments in the front are in high tension. It is considered to be a severe injury. The arm is then fixed in gypsum cast, in a 90 degree bend in the elbow joint. During this period we can exercise the fingers, wrist and shoulder joint. After the cast is taken down, we continue to do the same exercises and we add exercises involving movement of the elbow joint. We can relieve the muscles with relaxing techniques, stretch them out, or strengthen them.

Another option which may happen is isolated dislocation of the radius bone in a volar or distal direction. During the volar dislocation are patients usually not able to stretch out or even bend in the elbow joint. It is treated with reposition and hanging the arm with bending elbow in an arm sling. From the 5th day after the reposition we can start to slowly regain the movement range in the elbow joint. Approximately one month after the injury patients can start to put the elbow under full pressure. Distal dislocation occurs due to abrupt movement of the arm. The elbow can bend and stretch out, but pronation and supination are not possible to do. After the reposition, it is not necessary to immobilise the arm, and after two days it is possible to gradually start moving the arm.

You can find more informations in our articles and exercise tutorials

EXERCISE TUTORIALS

Návody 1 - obrázek
This exercise is suitable for stretching the flexors of the wrist and fingers. If you will exercise regularly, you will prevent any overloading of these muscles, and pain on the inner side of the elbow.
Návody 2 - obrázek
This exercise is suitable for stretching the extensors in the wrist and fingers. If you will exercise daily, you will prevent overloading in these muscles, and pain on the outer side of the elbow.
Návody 3 - obrázek
This exercise will stretch the pronators in your forearms (forearm muscles which serve to pronate the hand), and lower the pain on the inner side of the elbow (javelin throwers elbow, golf elbow).
Návody 4 - obrázek
This exercise is about stretching the supinator muscles of the forearm (forearm muscles which supinate the forearm), and will help during pain on the outer side of the elbow (tennis elbow).
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Návody 5 - obrázek
This exercise is ideal for relieving from pain in the shoulder and stretching the biceps muscle.
Návody 6 - obrázek
This exercise will help you to stretch the “three headed muscle of the arm” (m. triceps brachii), which will help you to release the shoulder and elbow joint.

EXERCISES WITH FULL BURDEN

Návody_2 1 - obrázek
This exercise is ideal for stretching the spinal erectors, chest muscles and muscles in the area of the shoulder joint.
Návody_2 2 - obrázek
This exercise helps to strengthen the flexors of the fingers and wrists. It is ideal as prevention against pain in the inner side of the elbow and generally against muscle overload which bend your wrists and fingers.
Návody_2 3 - obrázek
You will strengthen the extensors of your hand and forearm in the wrist area. This exercise serves as prevention against pain in the inner side of the elbow and generally against muscles overload which extend your fingers and wrists.
Návody_2 4 - obrázek
The exercise serves as a compensation of the muscle dysbalance with the so called opposing function, for improved coordination abilities and realizing the process of the movement thanks to the dynamic resistance.
Návody_2 5 - obrázek
This exercise is ideal for activating the core muscles, strengthening the stabilizing muscles of the shoulder blades and shoulders.
Návody_2 6 - obrázek
This exercise is ideal for activating the core muscles and stabilization of the pelvis, hip joints, shoulders and shoulder blades.
Návody_2 7 - obrázek
This exercise is ideal for activating the core muscles and stabilization of the pelvis, hip joints, shoulders and shoulder blades.
Návody_2 8 - obrázek
This exercise is ideal for activating the core muscles and stabilization of the pelvis, hip joints, shoulders and shoulder blades.
Návody_2 9 - obrázek
Goal of this exercise is to train the muscles that are involved in holding the body posture, strengthening the muscles of the shoulder girdle and exercise the abdominal muscles.