Olecranon bursitis/student's elbow

Student's elbow, also known as olecranon bursitis of the elbow joint, is characteristic by gradually increasing pain when touched or when involving pressure on the back side of the elbow joint. Unpleasant stiffness is restricting the affected person during movement, which makes moving uncomfortable. Strong swelling in the elbow is also typical, in case of infection the skin will turn red, the temperature in the area of the inflammation is higher

Bursa is a fluid-filled sac, which is forming from the subcutaneous connective tissues in the areas of the mechanical burdening. In areas where tendons and muscles go through the cartilaginous or bony foundations. There are two types of bursae, subcutaneous bursa and tendinous bursa, the back side of the elbow joint has a tendon attached to it. Its function is to lower pressure and friction in the given area and help the joint to move smoothly. Bursitis is a condition during which the fluid-filled sac get inflammed. The area of the elbow is usually affected by falling down on the elbow joint, or by long lasting mechanical irritation such as resting on the elbows, or when lifting objects above the head. Among other causes can be rheumatoid arthritis or diabetes. Among other risk factors are also age and certain activities during which we put more pressure on the bursae, such activities can be gardening, painting or playing on a musical instrument, etc.

The treatment usually involves peaceful regime, cold compress and medication against pain. If the bursitis is caused by incfection, the doctor will prescribe you antibiotics, knee puncture and laboratory examinations are performed in order to exclude chronic joint causes (rheumatoid arthritis, gout). It is also ideal to tightly bandage the joint. Another option is to apply through injection corticoids, which will relieve you from pain, and have anti-inflammatory effects, but from a long term point of view, corticoids weaken the joint structures, which loose their strength.

In rehabilitation you can choose application of the focused shock wave, which has an anti-inflammatory effect and lowers the swelling of the joint. After that you can also decide for treatment with radial shock wave, which relieves the painful muscles of the arm and forearm. If your condition is acute and the joint is swelling a lot, you can apply kinesio tape in order to support the lymphatic drainage. And for lowering the problems, it is ideal to start with physiotherapy, where we focus on strengthening the muscles in the area of the affected joint, as well as starting with preventive measures, so that we would avoid the problems in the future.

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EXERCISE TUTORIALS

Návody 1 - obrázek
This exercise helps to strengthen the flexors of the fingers and wrists. It is ideal as prevention against pain in the inner side of the elbow and generally against muscle overload which bend your wrists and fingers.
Návody 2 - obrázek
You will strengthen the extensors of your hand and forearm in the wrist area. This exercise serves as prevention against pain in the inner side of the elbow and generally against muscles overload which extend your fingers and wrists.
Návody 3 - obrázek
This exercise, originating from evolving positions is effective for strengthening the center of the body, shoulder blades and arms.
Návody 4 - obrázek
This exercise is suitable for stretching the flexors of the wrist and fingers. If you will exercise regularly, you will prevent any overloading of these muscles, and pain on the inner side of the elbow.
Návody 5 - obrázek
This exercise is suitable for stretching the extensors in the wrist and fingers. If you will exercise daily, you will prevent overloading in these muscles, and pain on the outer side of the elbow.
Návody 6 - obrázek
This exercise will help you to stretch the “three headed muscle of the arm” (m. triceps brachii), which will help you to release the shoulder and elbow joint.
Návody 7- obrázek
This exercise is about stretching the supinator muscles of the forearm (forearm muscles which supinate the forearm), and will help during pain on the outer side of the elbow (tennis elbow).
Návody 8 - obrazek
This exercise will stretch the pronators in your forearms (forearm muscles which serve to pronate the hand), and lower the pain on the inner side of the elbow (javelin throwers elbow, golf elbow).
Návody 9 - obrazek
This exercise is ideal for activating the muscle chains and stabilise the shoulders and pelvic girdle.
Návody 10 - obrazek
This exercise is ideal for straightening the spine and head, activate the core muscles, stabilise the pelvis, hip and knee joints, ankles and relax the sacroiliac joint (SI joint).
Návody 11 - obrazek
This exercise is good for strengthening the shoulder girdle, abdominal muscles, thigh muscles and muscles in the knee area.